- Horschig, Doreen. 2018. “Potential Nuclear Proliferators: Determinants of Nuclear Capability Among Latent Countries.” Florida Political Chronicle 26(1): 83-93.
ABSTRACT: Why do some countries develop nuclear capability and become latent and others do not? Nuclear latency describes the situation in which a state has the technical capability to produce nuclear weapons, but has not acquired nuclear weapons. However, states with the capability to produce nuclear weapons often stop at this stage of nuclear development. That provides a puzzle that is worthy scholarly analysis because it can lead to new insights about nonproliferation and opens-up the horizons to understand proliferation. What needs to be explored beforehand is the path to nuclear latent capability. Given that improved manufacturing technology and construction of enrichment, or reprocessing facilities transforms states into near-nuclear states, why do states manage to become so advanced in their nuclear capabilities? This work argues that national power, military expenditures and military personnel are the three key variables that explain why some countries develop a nuclear latency capability and others do not. Understanding why some are further along in the stages of developing a nuclear weapon, provides implications for non-proliferation and counter-proliferation policy. This quantitative study uses as statistical method a cross-sectional time series regression model of country data observed annually.
- Horschig, Doreen. 2016. “Economic Diversification in Saudi Arabia: The Challenges of a Rentier State.” Journal of Political Inquiry: Fall 2016. http://jpinyu.com/2016/12/09/fall-2016-issue/
Abstract:There are two types of economies in the world. One that relies heavily on one specific resource and one that collects revenue from diverse economic resources. In Saudi Arabia, the specific resource is oil. However, relying on one sector of income can create long-term instability. Since 1970, the Saudi government introduced new policies for more diversification but failed to fully implement them. The research attempts to answer (1) what the challenges of economic diversification policies in Saudi Arabia are, and (2) what can lead to a greater diversification despite these challenges? Employing an empirical approach, the work analyzes three challenges of diversification policies and efforts: (1) Saudi culture of the rentier state and youth work ethics, (2) government subsidization has to be reduced in order to promote innovation and (3) reduction of government control and influence. Subsequently, future conditions and settings that answer the question whether economic diversification in Saudi Arabia is possible after all. The paper adds to the literature of economic diversification in rentier states.
- Horschig, Doreen. 2016. “Modern U.S. National Security: Enduring Long-Term Core Objectives and Changing Short-Term Interests.” Journal of Political Inquiry: Spring 2016. http://jpinyu.com/journal/archives/
Abstract: This work examines whether American National Security is characterized more accurately by relatively consistent and enduring interests, or by interests that are reactive to a changing international environment, the priorities of specific U.S. administrations, and the actions of other state and non-state actors. The author argues that the long-term core interests of past administrations have not changed. However, the fast-changing global environment does require dynamic short-term interests. This thought-essay was written as part of the graduate course U.S. National Security.
Aziz, Maha Hosain, Arsh Harjani, Doreen Horschig, Yueyue Jiang and Yu-Ting Sun. “It’s a Post-Hegemonic World and That’s OK,” The Huffington Post. July 1, 2017. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/5958072be4b0f078efd98a84
Horschig, Doreen. “Why the World Needs a German ‘Energiewende,’” OpenDemocracy. May 5, 2017. https://www.opendemocracy.net/doreen-horschig/why-world-needs-german-energiewende
Horschig, Doreen. “Could Iran Emerge as the Middle East Superpower?” WordPress.org. April 17, 2017. http://www.worldpress.org/article.cfm/iran-next-middle-east-superpower
Horschig, Doreen. “The Contested US Intelligence Community: Why Limiting its Role Would be a Blunder” Journal of Political Inquiry. December 16, 2016. http://jpinyu.com/2016/12/16/the-contested-us-intelligence-community-why-limiting-its-role-would-be-a-blunder/
Horschig, Doreen. “Global Nuclear Zero: An Idealistic Goal, but Inefficient Security Concept.” Harvard Kennedy School Review. September 29, 2016. http://harvardkennedyschoolreview.com/global-nuclear-zero-an-idealistic-goal-but-inefficient-security-concept/
Horschig, Doreen. “For the Game. For the World. For the Economy? The Sport Economics of FIFA World Cups in Germany 2006 and Brazil 2014.” Riverdale: Manhattan College. September 5, 2014. https://manhattan.edu/sites/default/files/doreen_horschig_summer_research_web.pdf
Abstract: Brazil has been criticized by many for its application to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and for the resulting extensive spending. Amid allegations and protests taking place during the tournament, this work attempts to assess and analyze the return on investment from the mega event for the country. The research is conducted as a comparative study of the FIFA World Cups in Germany and Brazil. Specific examples of comparable cities by size are used. The results of this paper indicate that Brazil benefited from the event through intangible assets such as image-building and self-marketing effects. Brazil and Germany provide enough after-use of the investment made in relation to the tournament with the Cup having a slightly greater impact on Brazil’s developing economy than on Germany’s developed economy. This study contributes to the literature of modern sports economics and can benefit researchers and policy makers interested in the economics of the World Cup.
Horschig, Doreen. “Economic Boom at the Tremendous Expense of Environment and Society: The Contempt of Environmental Laws and Standards by Chinese Companies.” Geneva: Covalence EthicalQuote. July 18, 2013. http://www.ethicalquote.com/docs/EconomicBoomattheTremendousExpenseofEnvironmentandSociety.pdf
Abstract: There is no question about China’s enormous role in the world economy. The questions are; how did the Chinese gained such growth and important role? What are the key players to draw multiple western companies to invest in and shift production to China? And what are the drawbacks of the tremendous industry? The latter will be the main focus of this paper, particularly the role of pollution. It is certain that China’s regulations and standards heavily differ from developed countries. China is still considered a developing country inter alia because of its low per capita income and regions of high poverty rate. For many people in poverty the living conditions will not change soon, but in fact will get worse because of ignorance of Chinese companies. The Chinese government, companies and industries sacrifice the sustainability of the environment to reach an economic boom, causing tremendous damages on civil society. The environment and lower class people are paying a high price for Chinese authorities and leaders. The paper highlights some example of their effect through pollution on civil society, but also looks into the efforts of China to environment protection.